Researchers in Training Week Two

Edinburgh Zoo’s Science Summer School students have been working at Living Links again. Our second group of science summer school students decided to study how the capuchins were using the magnificent new Scots pine trees recently supplied by the Forestry Commission. These trees are much taller than the original trees in the enclosure.

After some dedicated data collection and analysis, the students concluded that the capuchins used the original trees more. They believed this to be so due to the number of horizontal branches on the old trees in comparison to the new ones – something that will change when the installation is completed by the new horizontal sections. However, there are many other possible reasons, such as the position of the trees, and the old habits of the monkeys! The monkeys certainly have more choice and a larger volume to explore now!

The trees going in and the monkeys first experience of them:

Researchers in Training

From July 30th to August 10th RZSS Edinburgh Zoo runs a Science Summer School for teenagers aged 15-16yrs old. It is a week long introductory course into zoo and wildlife sciences. This year we have students studying the behaviour of our East group of Capuchins.

The students from the first week did focal studies on Kato’s (periphery male) and Popeye’s (alpha male) interactions with the rest of the monkeys.

Here are their results,

As expected Popeye had many interactions whereas Kato the periphery male did not, however in the future we would hope that Kato would interact more with the rest of the monkeys as he is a very important individual in the captive breeding programme.

To find out more about Science Summer School, watch the video below


Current and Recent Projects

The Evolutionary and Developmental Origins of Inquiring Minds: Studies of Causal Reasoning; Curiosity and Executive Control                                                      Supported by the European Research Council (2015-2020)

Dr Amanda Seed – University of St Andrews

Human technology is vastly superior to that of other apes: human tools from telescopes to the Large Hadron Collider exploit causal relationships but also explore them. What change over the brief course of hominid evolution made for such a big difference?  Experiments are ongoing to compare humans and other primates to address this question covering two broad lines of study: causal cognition and executive function.

The Cog in the Ratchet: Illuminating the Cognitive Mechanisms Generating Human Cumulative Culture                                                                                                  Supported by the European Research Council (2015-2020)

Prof Christine Caldwell – University of Stirling

In human populations, skills and knowledge accumulate over generations, giving rise to behaviours and technologies far more complex than any single individual could achieve alone. This ratchet-like property of human culture appears absent in nonhuman species, as socially transmitted behaviours in animal populations are generally no more complex than those that can be acquired by trial and error. The aim of the RATCHETCOG project is to systematically investigate the cognitive capacities implicated in cumulative culture..

Rethinking Mind and Meaning: A Case Study from a Co-Disciplinary Approach          Supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council  (2015 – 2016)

Dr Juan-Carlos Gomez, Dr Amanda Seed, Derek Ball, Prof Herman Cappelen, Prof Deirdre Wilson & Prof Klaus Zuberbühler

Understanding thought and communication in animals and non-verbal human infants perplexes linguists, philosophers, psychologists and biologists. This project will bring together these researchers to consider how we might progress our understanding of what thought is, the distinctions between human and animal minds, and the relation between thinking and communicating.

Exploring the evolutionary roots of cultural complexity, creativity and trust Supported by the Templeton Foundation, USA – 2013-2016

Studying the capuchins- Prof Andrew Whiten, Dr Lara Wood, Dr Lewis Dean and PhD student Jenny Botting (University of St Andrews) plus wider collaborators.

A series of studies with children, chimpanzees and Living Links’ capuchins to investigate human beings apparently unique capacity for cumulative culture; the ability to accumulate knowledge, and improve technology, over time.


Past Projects

The role of intentions and physical knowledge in the origins of causal reasoning Supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (2013-2014)

Studying capuchins, chimpanzees and children – Dr. Amanda Seed, Dr Daphna Buchsbaum, Dr Emily Messer and Dr Emma Tecwyn (University of St Andrews)

Evolution and Development of Prosocial Behaviour
Supported by the Templeton Foundation, USA – 2011-2012.
A study of the motivation and capacity to act in the interests of others, in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and children
Prof Andrew Whiten, Dr Nicolas Claidière (University of St Andrews) Dr Nicola McGuigan and PhD student Lea Dollbaum (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh).

Learning and imitation in capuchin monkeys
PhD project
Eoin O’Sullivan (University of Stirling). Supervisor: Dr Christine Caldwell.

Visual pattern learning in primates
Supported by the European Research Council
Using touchscreens to study pattern learning and physiological correlates in squirrel monkeys and chimpanzees
Ruth Sonnweber, Prof Tecumseh Fitch (University of Vienna). Host: Prof Andy Whiten.

Inhibition and the Understanding of Causality
PhD project
Carolina Mayer (University of St Andrews) Supervisor: Dr Amanda Seed.

Living Links to Human Biology and Medicine
Supported by the Wellcome Trust – 2012-2013
Extending our Public engagement with Science programme and evaluating its impact.
Prof Andrew Whiten, Dr Mark Bowler (University of St Andrews), Prof Hannah-Buchanan-Smith (University of Stirling) and Stephen Woollard (Head of Education, RZSS).

Social learning and behaviours of capuchin and squirrel monkeys 
PhD project (completed 2013)
Emily Messer (Univ St Andrews) Supervisor: Prof Andy Whiten.

Communication with regards to food quality’ Supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Observational and experimental studies of capuchins

Dr Hiroki Koda (Kyoto University, Japan). Host: Prof Klaus Zuberbuhler, Universities of St Andrews and Neuchatel.

Understanding of goal-directed actions and goals in capuchin monkeys – PhD project Ruoting Tao (University of St Andrews). Supervisor: Dr Juan-Carlos Gomez

Personality and Social Intelligence – PhD project – Blake Morton (University of Stirling). Supervisors: Prof Phyllis Lee and Prof Hannah Buchanan-Smith.

 Preferences for faces and facial attractiveness – PhD project – Jack Griffey (University of Stirling). Supervisors: Dr Tony Little, Prof Hannah Buchanan-Smith.

Predictability of husbandry routines: impact on welfare in capuchinsMSc project – Kristina Rimpley (University of Stirling). Supervisor: Prof Hannah Buchanan-Smith

Anointing Behaviour in Capuchin MonkeysSupported by the Wellcome Trust 2011-2012 – Experimental studies on the social aspects of ‘fur rubbing’ behaviours in capuchin monkeys – Dr Mark Bowler, Emily Messer & Prof Andrew Whiten (University of St Andrews)

Date for your diary – free public lecture in Edinburgh from the Physiological Society

Poster: Physiological Society Lecture

by Professor Gareth Leng. Discover how your brain helps you to bond with babies and lovers, and probe the mind of one of Edinburgh’s leading neuroscientists

18.30, Tuesday 3 July, Edinburgh International Conference Centre The Exchange, Edinburgh, EH3 8EE

Visitor day and seminar…

Living Links “Twenty-first Century Research Associated with Twenty-first Century Zoos”

Visitor Day and Seminar, Living Links and Budongo Trail, Edinburgh Zoo

This event was occasioned by a visit of the eminent primatologist Dr Josep Call, Scientific Director of the Wolfgang Köhler Primate Research Centre, Max Planck Institute and Leipzig Zoo, and Professor Neville Richardson, Master of the United College, University of St. Andrews.

Talks took place in the Budongo Lecture Theatre with overviews of research in Living Links, Budongo-Edinburgh and the Budongo Conservation Field Station in Uganda, by Professor Andrew Whiten, Dr Katie Slocombe and Dr Cat Hobaiter.

These were followed by a headline talk on research in the Köhler Centre, Leipzig Zoo. Dr Josep Call.