SPRG scientists are productive publishers of their scientific discoveries. Among these scores of publications, recent Living Links and Budongo publications include;


Pereira, A. S., Kavanagh, E., Hobaiter, C., Slocombe, K. E., & Lameira, A. R. (2020) Chimpanzee lip-smacks confirm primate continuity for speech-rhythm evolution. Biology Letters 16(5) https://doi/10.1098/rsbl.2020.0232

Wilson, V., Weiss, A., Lefevre, C. E., Ochiai, T., Matsuzawa, T., Inoue-murayama, M., Freeman, H., Herrelko, E. S., & Altschul, D. M. (2020) Facial width-to-height ratio in chimpanzees: Links to age, sex and personality. Evolution and Human Behavior  41 (3), 226-234, 

Picard, A. M., Mundry, R., Auersperg, A. M., Boeving, E. R., Boucherie, P. H., Bugnyar, T., Dufour, V., Emery, N. J., Federspiel, I. G., Gajdon, G. K., Guéry, J., Hegedič, M., Horn, L., Kavanagh, E., Lambert, M. L., Massen, J. J. M., Rodrigues, M. A., Schiestl, M., Schwing, R., Szabo, B., Taylor, A. H., van Horik, J. O., von Bayern, A. M. P., Seed, A., & Slocombe, K. E. (2020) Why preen others? Predictors of allopreening in parrots and corvids and comparisons to grooming in great apes. Ethology 126 (2), 207-228,


Primates Many, Altschul, D. M., Beran M. J., Bohn M., Call J., DeTroy S., et al. (2019) Establishing an infrastructure for collaboration in primate cognition research. PLoS ONE 14(10): e0223675. 

Wallace, E. K., Herrelko, E. S., Koski, S. E., Vick, S., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., & Slocombe, K. E. (2019). Exploration of potential triggers for self-directed behaviours and regurgitation and reingestion in zoo-housed chimpanzees.  Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 221. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2019.104878

Renner, E., Atkinson, M., & Caldwell, C. A. (2019). Squirrel monkey responses to information from social demonstration and individual exploration using touchscreen and object choice tasks.  PeerJ, doi: 10.7717/peerj.7960


O’Sullivan, E., Claidière, N., & Caldwell, C. A. (2017). Action-matching biases in monkeys (Sapajus sp.) in a stimulus-response compatibility task: Evaluating experience-dependent malleabilty. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 131, 337-347. doi:10.1037/com0000081.


Morton, F. B., Brosnan, S. F., Prétôt, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., O’Sullivan, E., Stocker, M., … & Wilson, V. A. (2016). Using photographs to study animal social cognition and behaviour: Do capuchins’ responses to photos reflect reality?Behavioural processes124, 38-46. 

Polgár, Z., Wood, L., & Haskell, M. J. (2016). Individual differences in zoo-housed squirrel monkeys’ (Saimiri sciureus) reactions to visitors, research participation, and personality ratings. American Journal of Primatology. doi:10.1002/ajp.22639

Robinson, L. M., Morton, F. B., Gartner, M. C., Widness, J., Paukner, A., Essler, J. L., . . . Weiss, A. (2016). Divergent personality structures of brown and white-faced capuchins. Journal of Comparative Psychology. doi:10.1037/com0000037

Robinson, L. M., Waran, N. K., Leach, M. C., Morton, F. B., Paukner, A., Lonsdorf, E., . . . Weiss, A. (2016). Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella). Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 181, 145–151. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2016.05.029


Ruby, S., & Buchanan‐Smith, H. M. (2015). The effects of individual cubicle research on the social interactions and individual behavior of brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella)American Journal of Primatology, 77(10), 1097-1108.

Morton, F.B., Weiss, A. Buchanan-Smith, and Lee, P.C (2015). Capuchin monkeys with similar personalities have higher quality relationships independent of age, sex, kinship and rank. Animal Behaviour.105, pp. 163 -171.

Claidiere, N., Whiten, A., Mareno, M.C., Messer, E.J.E., Brosnan, S.F., Hopper, L.M., Lambeth, S.P., Schapiro, S.J. & McGuigan, N. (2015). Selective and contagious prosocial resource donation in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humans. Scientific Reports, 5: 7631. DOI: 10.1038/srep07631.


Claidière, N., Bowler, M., Brookes, S., Brown, R. & Whiten, A. (2014). Frequency of behaviour witnessed and conformity in an everyday social learning context. PLOS ONE 9, e99874.

Lefevre CE, Wilson VAD, Morton FB, Brosnan SF, Paukner A, et al. (2014) Facial Width-To-Height Ratio Relates to Alpha Status and Assertive Personality in Capuchin Monkeys. PLoS ONE 9(4): e93369. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093369


Wilson, V., Lefevre, C.E., Morton, F.B., Brosnan, S.F., Paukner, A. and Bates, T.C. (2013). Personality and facial morphology: Links to assertiveness and neuroticism in capuchins (Sapajus [Cebus] apella). Personality and Individual Differences. (IN PRESS)

Rimpley, K and Buchannan-Smith, H (2013). Reliably signalling a startling husbandry event improves welfare of zoo-housed capuchins (Sapajus apella). Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 147, 205-213.

Claidière, N, Messer, EJM, Hoppitt, William and Whiten, Andrew (2013). Diffusion Dynamics of Socially Learned Foraging Techniques in Squirrel Monkeys. Current Biology. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.05.036

Buchanan-Smith,Hannah M. Griciute, Joana, Daoudi,Sophia, Leonardi, Rebecca and Whiten, Andrew (2013). Interspecific interactions and welfare implications in mixed species communities of capuchin (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) over 3 years. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2013.04.004

Morton FB, Lee PC, Buchanan-Smith HM, Brosnan S, Thierry B, Paukner A, de Waal FBM, Widness J, Essler J & Weiss A (2013). Personality structure in brown capuchin monkeys: Comparisons with chimpanzees, orangutans, and rhesus macaques. Journal of Comparative Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0031723

Morton FB, Lee PC, Buchanan-Smith HM (2013). Taking personality selection bias seriously in animal cognition research: A case study in capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella). Animal CognitionDOI: 10.1007/s10071-013-0603-5.


Schel, M.A., Rawlings, B., Claidiere, N., Wilke, C, Wathan, J, Richardson, J, Pearson, S, Herrelko, E, Whiten,  A., and Slocombe, K (2012). Network Analysis of Social Changes in a Captive Chimpanzee Community Following the Successful Integration of Two Adult Groups. American Journal of Primatology 00:1-13.

Bowler, M., Buchanan-Smith, H.M., & Whiten, A. (2012). Assessing Public Engagement with Science in a University Primate Research Centre in a National Zoo. PLoS ONE, 7 (4) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034505

Buchanan-Smith, H.M. (2012). Mixed-species exhibition of Neotropical primates: analysis of species combination success.  International Zoo Yearbook, 46,150-163.

Claidière N, Bowler M, Whiten A (2012). Evidence for Weak or Linear Conformity but Not for Hyper-Conformity in an Everyday Social Learning Context. PLoS ONE 7(2): e30970. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0030970

Claidière N, Whiten A (2012) Integrating the study of conformity and culture in humans and nonhuman animals. Psychological Bulletin 138: 126-145.


Dufour, V. C. Sueur, A. Whiten & H.M. Buchanan-Smith (2011). The impact of moving to a novel environment on social networks, activity and wellbeing in two new world primates. American Journal of Primatology ,Special Issue: Special Issue on Social Networks in Primates Volume 73, Issue 8, pages 802–811.

Macdonald, C. & Whiten, A. (2011). The ‘Living Links to Human Evolution’ Research Centre in Edinburgh Zoo: a new endeavour in collaboration. International Zoo Yearbook. Volume 45, Issue 1, pages 7–17.


Leonardi, R., Buchanan-Smith, H., Dufour, V., MacDonald, C. & Whiten, A. (2010) Living Together: Behaviour and welfare in single and mixed species groups of capuchin (Cebus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). American Journal of Primatology 72(1):33-47.

You can find more information about our publications by visiting the SPRG website or, for St Andrews, the School of Psychology Research Portal . Clicking on individual staff of interest will lead to personal web-pages. These provide a route that may permit downloads of pdfs of original articles; pdfs of articles for personal use are often available from their authors on request.

(Note: the above are external links, so please let us know if you find any of them broken)